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聽故事學4000英語詞匯65: 西方鬼節討糖活動的由來

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聽英語故事,學記英語單詞。4000英語實用詞匯,盡在每個故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 3 Paul Nation

4000英語核心詞匯3 保羅·納森

Unit 5 Word List

第5單元 單詞表

acquaint v.

使認識

To acquaint is to get to know something or someone.

表示去認識某人或某物。

→ Nancy acquainted herself with the new computer.

南希自己熟悉了這臺新電腦。

cemetery n.

墓地

A cemetery is where people are buried when they die.

人們死后埋葬的地方。

→ Some people are scared of cemeteries.

有些人害怕墓地。

curse v.

詛咒

To curse someone or something is to hope that bad things happen to them.

表示希望不好的事發生在某人身上。

→ The witch cursed the village.

女巫詛咒了村子。

disguise n.

偽裝

A disguise is something you wear so people cannot tell who you are.

穿上某些讓人無法認出的衣物。

→ Everyone knew that it was Dad in the Santa disguise.

大家都知道圣誕老人是爸爸假扮的。

fancy adj.

精致的

If something is fancy, it is nicer than normal.

優于普通的。

→ Their table was all set for a fancy dinner.

他們的餐桌上擺滿了豐盛的晚餐菜品。

flashlight n.

手電筒

A flashlight is a small electric light that you carry in your hand.

一種手提式的小電燈。

→ We took a flashlight when we went camping.

他們的餐桌已準備好豐盛的晚餐

hood n.

兜帽

A hood is part of a coat that goes over your head.

用于包裹頭部的衣服的一部分。

→ She put on her hood to keep her head warm.

她戴上兜帽以保持頭部溫暖。

inhabitant n.

居民

An inhabitant is a person who lives in a certain place.

住在某個地方的人。

→ The number of inhabitants in the countryside is increasing.

農村居民的數量正在增加。

nourish v.

滋養

To nourish something is to give it food that it needs to live.

給予賴以生存的食物。

→ A good mother will nourish her baby every day.

一個好母親會每天給她的孩子喂奶。

pirate n.

海盜

A pirate is a sailor who steals things from other boats.

搶劫其他船物資的人。

→ Pirates are very scary characters.

海盜是非常可怕的角色。

publication n.

出版

A publication is something printed, like a newspaper or book.

印刷出來的東西,比如報紙或書本。

→ She's been a subscriber to that publication for over ten years.

她訂閱那份刊物已有十多年了。

riddle n.

謎語

A riddle is a question that is difficult to answer but meant to be funny.

難以猜出且帶有娛樂性的問題。

→ I could not answer Wendy's riddle, but it made me laugh.

我沒猜出溫迪的謎語,但我笑了。

rot v.

腐爛

When something rots, it slowly gets softer and is destroyed.

慢慢變得柔軟最后消失。

→ The old log began to rot in the forest.

那根舊木頭開始在森林里腐爛。

scare v.

使害怕

To scare means to cause one to feel frightened.

讓人感到恐懼。

→ I was scared by the sight of the monster.

眼前的怪物把我嚇壞了。

shortly adv.

立刻,簡短的

If something will happen shortly, it will happen very soon.

表示很快就發生的。

→ My workday will end shortly.

我的工作日很快就要結束了。

skeleton n.

骨架

A skeleton is the bones of a body.

人體的骨頭。

→ There is a skeleton in the science classroom.

科學教室里有個骨架模型。

spoil v.

損壞

If something spoils, it turns bad or rots.

變壞或腐爛。

→ We left the fruit out too long, and it spoiled.

我們把水果放在外面太久,結果壞了。

starve v.

挨餓

If a person starves, they do not get enough to eat and sometimes die.

沒有足夠的食物,有時會因此喪命。

→ During the war, many people starved.

戰爭期間,許多人忍饑挨餓。

thrill n.

激動

A thrill is an exciting feeling.

一種刺激的感覺。

→ The boys enjoy the thrill of surfing a big wave.

男孩們喜歡在巨浪中沖浪的刺激感。

wicked adj.

邪惡的

If something is wicked, it is very bad or evil.

很壞或者罪惡的。

→ My boss is a very wicked man.

我老板是個很壞的人。

Trick-or-treat!

討糖活動

Many different cultures have had traditions about the dead. People in places like Ireland, China, Egypt and Mexico believed that souls needed food. They thought the food nourished them on their journey from cemeteries to heaven. People had to put out good things for souls to eat. However, if the food rotted or spoiled, the soul got mad. The wicked soul might curse the family and make them starve during the winter.

許多不同的文化都有關于侍奉死者的傳統。愛爾蘭、中國、埃及和墨西哥等地的人們認為鬼魂也需要吃東西。他們認為鬼魂在從墓地到天堂的旅途中會享用這些食物。人們不得不將美食祭奠亡魂。然而,如果食物腐爛或變質,亡魂就會發怒。它們可能會因此詛咒這個家庭,讓他們在冬天挨餓。

In other places, people begged for food on a holiday that remembers the souls of dead saints. People wore disguises with hoods that covered their faces. If they did not get food, they played a trick on the home. For this reason, the activity is known as "trick-or- treating. " Shortly after people first began trick-or-treating, parents started sending their children to beg on that day. Housewives gave the children food if they performed a song or a dance. When people moved to America from all over the world, they brought this tradition with them. Inhabitants of villages started trick-or-treating in the early 1900s. In 1939 a children's publication acquainted the whole country with the tradition. It became very popular.

在其他地方,人們通過乞求食物來緬懷死去的亡魂。人們戴著頭罩,將臉遮擋住。如果他們得不到食物,就會捉弄這一家人。因此,這一活動也被稱為“不給糖果就搗蛋。”這個活動開始不久之后,家長們就會讓孩子出門討食。如果孩子們唱歌或跳舞,就能得到家庭主婦贈與的食物。隨著世界各地的人搬來美國,這一傳統也就跟隨而來。20世紀初,村民們開始玩“不給糖就搗蛋”的游戲。1939年,一本兒童讀物使全國都了解了這一傳統。它變得非常受歡迎。

Today, trick-or-treaters are not begging for food, and they are not scared of souls. They just enjoy the thrill of dressing up like creatures and getting candy. Ghosts and skeletons are favorite costumes. But some children wear fancy disguises, like pirates. They carry flashlights instead of fires. In some places, children still perform songs or riddles to get candy. But most of the time, they just say "Trick-or-Treat!"

如今,這個活動不再是討食,人們也不再害怕鬼魂,而是享受扮成怪物并獲取糖果帶來的刺激感。孩子們最愛鬼魂和骷髏樣式的服裝,但是有些孩子會穿海盜服這樣的奇裝異服。他們會拿著手電筒而不是火把。在某些地方,孩子們仍然通過表演歌曲或謎語來獲取糖果,但大部分地區的小孩都只是會說“不給糖果就搗蛋!”

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