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最常用的3個與go有關的動詞短語

kira86 于2019-07-23發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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最常用的3個與go有關的動詞短語的用法詳解。三個短語分別是1. go on 2. go out 3. go back.
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Common Phrasal Verbs with 'Go'

與Go有關的3個動詞短語

In the early 1970’s, Motown Records released the Marvin Gaye song “What’s Going On.” The song asks for a peaceful solution to social problems.

上世紀70年代初,摩城唱片為馬文·蓋伊出了一張專輯,名叫《真愛救贖》。主題曲唱的是希望社會問題能得到和平的解決。

“What’s Going On” is very famous in the United States. It appears in fourth place on “Rolling Stone” magazine’s list of the 500 greatest songs of all time.

《真愛救贖》在美國家喻戶曉,曾登榜《滾石》雜志“史上最偉大的500首歌曲”第4名。

Here are a few of the lines from the song:

下面請聽其中的幾句歌詞:

Picket lines and picket signs

這些警戒線和警示牌

Don't punish me with brutality

請不要用暴力來懲罰我

Talk to me, so you can see

與我對話,你就能明白

Oh, what's going on

到底發生什么事了

What's going on

發生什么事了

Today, we will show you how this famous song can teach you about English Grammar. Specifically, it can show you how English speakers use phrasal verbs.

今天,我們將關注這首知名歌曲里的語法知識。尤其是要教大家學會歪果仁使用動詞短語的方式。

First, we begin with some definitions.

首先,我們從定義說起。

What are phrasal verbs?

短語動詞是什么?

Phrasal verbs have two or more words: verbs and particles. Particles are short words such as on, over and in.

動詞短語中包含至少2個單詞:動詞和小品詞。小品詞都很短,比如on、over和in。

Phrasal verbs have an idiomatic meaning. In other words, the verb and particle together mean something different than what the individual words suggest.

動詞短語有慣用的意思。換言之,動詞和小品詞組合在一起的意思就與他們單獨表達的意思不同了。

So, for example, the phrasal verb “find out” has the verb “find” and the particle “out.” However, the term “find out” means to discover.

那么,舉個例子,動詞短語find out中包含動詞find和小品詞out。不過,這個短語整體的意思是“發現”。

English speakers use many phrasal verbs – perhaps thousands. Many of these verbs have two or more meanings.

歪果仁會使用很多動詞短語——可能有上千個那么多。很多動詞都有至少2個意思。

Luckily, there is hope. You do not need to learn all of them.

所幸,我們還有希望能掌握,因為并不是所有短語都需要掌握。

Some phrasal verbs are fairly common. And, even when phrasal verbs have multiple meanings, English speakers often use one meaning more than the others.

有一些動詞短語十分常見。而且即便是動詞短語也有很多個意思。歪果仁經常用其中的某個意思。

Today, we will talk about three of the most common phrasal verbs. All of them have the verb go.

今天,我們來聊聊其中3個最常見的動詞短語,這3個短語中都包含go這個動詞。

Mélodie Garnier and Norbert Schmitt are language experts. They created a list, called the PHaVE list, which they say ranks the most commonly used phrasal verbs. Among the 10 most frequently used phrasal verbs, three have the verb “go.” We will look at each one in turn.

梅樂蒂·加尼爾和諾伯特·施密特是語言專家。他們創建了一個名為PHaVE的列表,他們稱該列表列出了最常用的動詞短語。在10個使用頻率最高的短語動詞中,有3個短語包含動詞“go”。我們將逐一詳解這三個短語。

#1 Go on

動詞短語1、go on

The most common, according to Garnier and Schmitt, is the phrasal verb “go on.”

根據加尼爾和施密特的說法,最常見的是動詞短語“go on”。

“Go on” can have several meanings, but the most common one is “happen” or “take place.”

這個短語有多個意思,但最常見的意思是“發生”。

At the beginning of this report, you heard part of the Marvin Gaye song “What’s Going On.”

在本文開始,可以聽到馬文·蓋伊的歌里有“What’s Going On”。

Now, you know that Gaye could have sung, “What’s happening” or “what is taking place.”

現在,大家都知道蓋伊唱的可能是“到底發生了什么”的意思。

You might hear the words “go on” in the news or when two people are talking to each other. For example, you might hear someone talking about a debate going on in a political party.

大家可能還會在兩個人彼此聊天的時候或者在新聞里聽到這個短語。比如,你們可能在政黨討論事情的時候聽到有人說這個短語。

#2 Go out

動詞短語2、go out

Another common phrasal verb is “go out.” It came in number 8 on Garnier and Schmitt’s PHaVE list. When English speakers use “go out,” they often mean to leave a place to go to a social event.

另一個常用的短語事“go out”。該短語在加尼爾和施密特的PHaVE榜單上排名第八。當說英語的人使用“go out”時,他們通常是指離開一個地方去參加社交活動。

For example, American teenagers might make plans to “go out” on Friday night. They might make plans to go out for dinner, or go out to the movies.

比如,美國青少年可能有計劃在周五晚上go out。他們可能制定計劃出去吃晚餐或者出去看電影。

Teenagers might also talk about what they did over the weekend. So a person might say “I went out with friends on Friday night.” This is the past tense form of “go out.”

青少年可能還會談到自己周末做了什么。在這種情況下,他們可能會說“我周五晚上跟朋友們出去了”。這個句子里用到了該短語的過去式形式。

#3 Go back

動詞短語3、go back

Our final phrasal verb for today is “go back.” The PhaVE list ranks this at number 5 on the list of most commonly used phrasal verbs.

我們今天要講的最后一個短語是“go back”。PhaVE列表將其列在最常用短語動詞列表的第5位。

When English speakers use “go back,” they almost always mean to return to a place, time, activity or a subject they talked about earlier.

外國人用這個短語通常是想說“回到某個空間、時間、活動或者回到他們之前討論過的話題。”

Here is an example from the American film, “Happy Gilmore.” In the movie, people try to make the villain, Shooter McGavin, lose a golf game by distracting him.

以美國電影《高爾夫球也瘋狂》為例。在電影中,人們試圖讓反派麥克加文分散注意力并輸掉比賽。

Here is what he says: “Go back to your shanties!”

于是他說:“滾回你的破棚屋去吧!”

Here, Shooter McGavin is telling others to return to their homes. Shanty is a term for a small, poorly built shelter. McGavin believes that all the people who are at the golf match are poor and should not be there. Now you can understand why he is the villain in the film!

在這里,麥克加文讓其他人回家去。棚屋這個詞表示狹小簡陋的庇護所。麥克加文認為,這場比賽里的所有人都很窮,不配出現在場地上。現在,大家能理解他在電影中為什么是反派了吧!

Closing thoughts

總結

Learning and using phrasal verbs can be difficult, but you can do it.

學習并使用動詞短語可能會很難,但你們一定可以做到。

Try studying small numbers of phrasal verbs. Keep note of the different meanings, and try using them in different sentences.

試著學習少量的動詞短語。留意動詞短語的不同含義,試著在不同句子里使用動詞短語。

But after all of your hard work, be sure to go out and have fun!

不過,辛勤學習之后,一定記得出去走走,享受生活哦!

I'm Ashley Thompson.

我艾希莉·湯普森。

And I’m John Russell.

我是約翰·拉塞爾。

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